The origins of Pineapple are in South America, between Paraguay and Brazil. It is an evergreen perennial with gray-green, sword-shaped, arched and pointed leaves. forming a dense rosette. The inflorescences are composed of three-petalled blue flowers, inserted into the flowering stem with pink bracts. A fruit ripens from each flower and the fleshy and succulent fruits develop and unite forming the typical pineapple (infructescence) surmounted by a tuft of dark green leaves called crown, and externally characterized by many polygonal plates, joined together and called “eyes “. Inside the fruit we have a harder and more fibrous central part, the so-called heart, and a yellowish, aromatic, sweet pulp. Between the rind and pulp there are cavities containing small tufts. The shape of the pineapple is more or less cylindrical and the weight depends on the variety.
Pineapples are curious fruits, because technically they are infructescences. The leathery leaves are long, lanceolate and with a serrated edge, and are grouped in large rosettes. The inflorescence emerges from the center of the rosette, the single flowers are compact on a short and robust stem. Each flower has its own sepal; the sepals become fleshy and juicy and develop into the fruit, crowned by a rosette of bracts.
The characteristic of this fruit is the yellow pulp, covered with a brown rind, formed by small plates fused together. The fruit contains a proteolytic enzyme: bromelain, an anti-inflammatory substance. The dry extract is used as it promotes digestive processes and can improve the so-called “orange peel” cellulite. Pineapple also contains water, proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, vitamins (such as vitamins A, B and C), organic acids (citric, malic and oxalic acids) and various microelements such as calcium, phosphorus, iron, magnesium, potassium. The characteristic flavor of Pineapple is due to the presence of sugars combined with a considerable amount of citric acid.
Its ideal climate is temperate, tolerates intense sun, tolerates high temperatures but the minimum must not drop below 10/15 degrees. The soil must be well drained and composed of earth and sand. Pineapple, as well as for its fruit, is cultivated as a houseplant for its very decorative leaves; it also adapts well to environments with little light; however, the leaves lose some color.
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