Maclura pomifera is an arboreal plant belonging to the Moraceae family. The plant is also known as Texas mulberry, or Osagi orange, or hedge apple, horse apple, Osagi moor and arch wood. The maclura was first described by Thomas Nuttall in 1811, the name of the genus is in memory of the geologist friend William Maclure (1763–1840).
Maclura pomifera is native to North America where it is known as Osage orange, named after the native North American tribe that resided in the growing area of this tree.
The area of origin is located in an area of the central United States.
In 1818 it was introduced in Europe and in 1827 it made its first appearance in Italy, where, especially in Tuscany and Lazio, it had a certain diffusion.
The fruits or sorosi of the Osagi orange are very characteristic and actually formed by a set of small fruits (achenes) deriving from a different ovary. They appear as round infructescences, similar to an orange, having a diameter of about 15 cm, with a wrinkled, woody and yellow-green outer skin delicately scented with lemon; the fruit juice is milky and irritating. The fruits that appear immediately after flowering, between September-October, are not edible for humans but the seeds are a source of food for squirrels.
The Maclura even if it develops well in a semi-shady position loves full sun for many hours a day. Withstands winds, even very strong or brackish in coastal areas. It does not fear the cold and survives even the cold winter temperatures below 15 -18 ° C. Maclura has a very aggressive and laterally extended root system, for this reason it is not suitable for container cultivation which would form compact circular clusters of roots.
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