The Syzygium malaccense is a species of flowering tree native to Malaysia, Indonesia (Sumatra and Java), Vietnam, Thailand, New Guinea and Australia. It has been introduced in all the tropics, including many Caribbean countries and territories such as Jamaica, where it is known simply as the “Jamaican apple” or the common apple of Otaheite.
The combination of trees, flowers and fruits has been praised as the most beautiful of the Syzygium genus. The fruit is oblong in shape and dark red in color. The pulp is white and surrounds a large seed. Its taste is mild but refreshing.
The Red Rose contains 40 kcal per 100 g. It is a fruit very rich in phenols, anthocyanins and numerous antioxidants, its consumption is in fact prescribed to fight inflammatory states (especially the throat) and to lower blood pressure.
Popular tradition also attributes to it diuretic, carminative, astringent, antimicrobial, antiscorbutic properties. The major nutritional principles contained only ascorbic acid, carotene, potassium.
Recent studies have shown the effectiveness of the melarosa in fighting diarrhea and some diseases through their antibiotic capacity given by particular tannins and go phytosterols.
The Malay apple is a strictly tropical tree and will be damaged by cold temperatures. It grows in humid climates with an annual rainfall of 152 cm or more. It can grow to a variety of altitudes, from sea level up to 2,740 m. The tree can grow up to 12-18 m (39-59 feet). It blooms in early summer, bearing fruit three months later.
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