Perennial plant, with branched rhizome from which thin slender stems extend up to 9 meters in height, can live from 10 to 20 years.
The leaves are heart-shaped, petiolate, opposite, with 3-5 serrated lobes. The upper part is rough to the touch due to the presence of numerous hairs, while the lower part is resinous.
The used part of the lullopo plant are the cones that are mainly used for:
Provide, in almost all cases, a bitter base to balance the sweetness brought by the fermentable material.
Increase microbiological stability.
Participate in stabilizing the foam.
Influence, depending on the styles in a minor or greater way, taste and aroma.
Alpha Acid: 8 – 10.5%
Beta Acid: 4 – 5%
Co-humulone: 34 – 37%
Total Oil: 1.2 – 2 mL / 100g
B-Pinene: 0.8 – 1.1% of the toeline oil
Myrcene: 40 – 55% of the total oil
Linalool: 0.5 – 0.8% of the total oil
Caryophyllene: 10 – 15% of the total oil
Farnesene: <1.0% of the total oil
Humulene: 1 – 2% of the total oil
Geraniol: 0.2 – 0.9% of the total oil
The specific aroma descriptors include subtle “American savages”, herbaceous and grapefruit.
The hops prefers fresh environments and fertile and well-worked soils. It grows spontaneously on the banks of watercourses, along the hedges, at the edge of the woods, from the plains to an altitude of 1,200 meters if the climate is not too windy and humid. Its presence in nature is very common in northern Italy; wild hops are also present in all regions, including islands, although they become progressively more rare to the south.
It is cultivated for commercial purposes in both hemispheres, approximately between 30 ° and 52 ° latitude, and being very resistant to cold climates can withstand up to -30 ° Celsius.
Selected in 1961 and released in 1974 by the USA, Comet was originally used for its high alpha acid content and adaptability to growth conditions in the Yakima Valley. Commercial production ceased at the beginning of the 80s in favor of more recent super-alpha hops, but Comet made a recent comeback, finding favorable with some breweries in dual purpose applications for its subtle and unique “wild American” flavor.
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