Rosa Canina is the most common spontaneous rose species in Italy, very frequent in hedges and at the edges of woods.
It is widely used for its very high vitamin C content: 2,250 mg for every hundred grams of edible portion, and for its content of bioflavonoids (phytoestrogens).
The active ingredients (in addition to vitamin C, tannins, organic acids, pectins, carotenoids and polyphenols) are used by the pharmaceutical, food and cosmetic industries; the fruits, dried and chopped, are used in herbal medicine for the preparation of infusions and decoctions.
It is indicated as an intestinal astringent, antidiarrheal, vasoprotective and anti-inflammatory, and is also recommended in cases of debilitation.
The seeds are used for the preparation of pesticides and the flower petals for the pink honey.
Its decoction is used in cosmetics for delicate and reddened skin.
Excellent jams are prepared with fresh fruits. A jam is also made from rose petals, such as vartanush.
This plant owes its canine name to Plinio the Elder, who claimed that a Roman soldier was cured of anger with a decoction of roots.
È l’antenata delle rose coltivate.
It prefers sunny areas. It resists drought well.
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