COCONUT PALM – Cocos Nucifera


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The coconut palm (Cocos nucifera) is a plant of the Arecaceae family (subfamily Arecoideae). Native to tropical areas of Southeast Asia located in the Pacific Ocean such as the Philippines and coastal areas of India. It is the only recognized species of the genus Cocos.

The fruits are voluminous drupes, commonly called coconuts, weighing about 1 kg. They form 2 weeks after flowering and grow rapidly for about 6 months. They have smooth and thin exocarp (peel) generally brownish-red in color, fibrous and light mesocarp when ripe which is tightly joined to the woody and very hard endocarp (shell) which has at the base 3 clearly visible smaller pores, also called ” eyes “. The shell is closely adherent to the seed integument it encloses. It takes 12-13 months to pass from an open spatula to a ripe fruit and in some varieties it takes even longer.

The fibrous mesocarp, endowed with lightly pressed wood fibers, constitutes the part that supports the floating of the walnut. This material is an important commercial plant fiber called coconut fiber or coir fiber, it is extremely water resistant and one of the few resistant to salt water.

The coconut is made up of 50% water. The remainder is made up of fibers, carbohydrates, sugars and lipids. Iron, potassium, copper, zinc, magnesium, phosphorus and sodium are the mineral salts present in greater quantities inside the fruit.

Isoleucine, serine, threonine, glutamic acid, arginine, aspartic acid, phenylalanine, glycine and cystine, are the most abundant amino acids. The abundance of vitamins B and C helps in states of weakness, fatigue and relieves stress.

Coconut water, as well as being thirst-quenching, sweet and refreshing, properties that have made it very popular in the summer season, has very little fat and calories and is cholesterol-free and has abundant quantities of sodium, potassium, magnesium and football. All these features make it an excellent supplement after intense physical activity.

Coconut oil is one of the few completely saturated natural vegetable edible oils for which the usual use in the diet, including its derivatives, must be carefully controlled.

Coconut palms are not very fussy about the nature of the soil, while humidity and aeration are key. In case of abundant rains they also adapt to relatively heavy soils, as long as the continuous rains prevent excessive hardening of the soil. Obviously, sandy soils are the best, especially if they are rich in organic matter. However, the plant’s extensive root system is capable of extracting nutrients even from relatively poor soils, although these affect the quality and quantity of the coconut crop. A depth of loose soil of at least one meter is essential to provide both anchoring and nourishment. The soil pH can vary from 5 to 8, even if nutritional imbalances are created above 7.5. The plant tolerates high concentrations of sodium and potassium without major problems (brackish soils or saline winds).


Additional information

Weight 5 kg


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