The avocado plant belongs to the Lauracee family and its origins date back more than 5,000 years. The avocado is a plant typical of Central and South America, but it also adapts well to our environment, especially to that of Southern Italy, or in places where the climate is milder during the winter period, in fact, the gels suffer Winter.
The avocado Hass, sometimes marketed as the avocado Bilse, is an avocado cultivar with dark skin and dark green. It was grown and sold for the first time by the Southern California courier and amateur horticulturist Rudolph Hass, who also gave it his name.
The avocado Hass is a large fruit that weighs 200 to 300 grams. At maturity, the skin becomes a dark purplish black and yields to slight pressure. When it is ready it becomes white-green in the central part of the internal fruit.
Because of its taste, size, shelf life, high yield and in some areas throughout the harvest, the Hass cultivar is the most commercially popular avocado in the world. In the United States it represents more than 80% of the avocado crop, 95% of the Californian crop and is the most cultivated avocado in New Zealand.
The avocado is a real concentrate of energy, every 100 grams of edible pulp we find 73% of water, 6.6% of dietary fiber, 0.1% of starch, 7% of sugars, 14% of fat, 1.5% ash and almost 2% protein.
It is a fruit very rich in proteins and fats, the latter present in a percentage almost comparable to that of olives. It contains vitamin A, vitamins B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, vitamin C, vitamins D, E, K and J. The avocado also contains beta-carotene, lutein and zeaxanthin, all substances with antioxidant activity.
These are the minerals present: potassium, comparable in quantity to that contained in trebanane, phosphorus, iron, zinc, copper, fluorine, manganese, selenium, sulfur, magnesium and calcium.
Climate: lives in tropical climates or temperatures that do not fall below 5 degrees.
Land: needs fertile and well drained land. To avoid clayey soils that favor the stagnation of water.
Exposure: sunny areas
Watering: frequent during growth, then it is rare because it can withstand droughts
Fertilization: use slow release fertilizer before winter
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