The avocado plant belongs to the Lauracee family and its origins date back more than 5,000 years. The avocado is a plant typical of Central and South America, but it also adapts well to our environment, especially to that of Southern Italy, or in places where the climate is milder during the winter period, in fact, the gels suffer Winter.
The Ettinger variety is similar to the variety of avocado ‘Fuerte’, pear-shaped with smooth, thin, bright green peel, which does not peel easily and pale green pulp. Ettinger avocados have a mild taste and a lower oil content than other varieties, and fruit has a medium size. Their inner pulp, like almost all other types, contains a large seed and a cavity, which constitutes 10/20% of the weight of the fruit. The three main avocado strains are the Mexican, the western Indian and the Guatemalan, the Ettinger avocado comes from Mexican and Guatemalan types. The Ettinger avocado tree is very vigorous and, among all the varieties, it is the most profitable in terms of number of fruit.
The avocado is a real concentrate of energy, every 100 grams of edible pulp we find 73% of water, 6.6% of dietary fiber, 0.1% of starch, 7% of sugars, 14% of fat, 1.5% ash and almost 2% protein.
It is a fruit very rich in proteins and fats, the latter present in a percentage almost comparable to that of olives. It contains vitamin A, vitamins B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, vitamin C, vitamins D, E, K and J. The avocado also contains beta-carotene, lutein and zeaxanthin, all substances with antioxidant activity.
These are the minerals present: potassium, comparable in quantity to that contained in trebanane, phosphorus, iron, zinc, copper, fluorine, manganese, selenium, sulfur, magnesium and calcium.
Climate: lives in tropical climates or temperatures that do not fall below 5 degrees.
Land: needs fertile and well drained land. To avoid clayey soils that favor the stagnation of water.
Exposure: sunny areas
Watering: frequent during growth, then it is rare because it can withstand droughts
Fertilization: use slow release fertilizer before winter
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