Vaccinium corymbosum, also called giant blueberry, is a North American species of blueberry that has become a food crop of considerable economic importance. It is native to eastern and southern Canada of the United States. It is also naturalized in other places: Europe, Japan, New Zealand.
The blueberry is a deciduous shrub ranging from a height of 1.5 meters up to a maximum of 3 meters. The dark glossy green leaves are elliptical in shape up to 5 centimeters long. In autumn, the leaves turn bright red, orange, yellow, and purple.
The fruits are of large size about 3 gr., Spherical shape, light blue color. Compact pulp, with a pleasantly intense flavor, high sugar content and medium acidity.
Blueberries are rich in beneficial substances, are low in calories and rich in vitamins and minerals.
Among the most important we have:
citric acid: protects cells;
vitamin C: strengthens immune defenses, improves circulation;
anthocyanins and blueberry: regenerates tissues and strengthens the stomach walls, fights gastritis;
vitamin A: beneficial for bones, skin and eyesight;
tannins: purify the liver, ideal for digestion.
They prefer a sunny place that allows the fruits to get a high sugar content, but in an environment not too exposed, and require a good exposure to light to allow better flowering and, consequently, a greater harvest.
Unlike all berries that like a substrate neutral / sub acid, blueberries need a very acid soil, with optimal pH (4.0 and 4.5), well drained, fresh and rich in humus, so it is essential to be good at knowledge of the characteristics of the land where you want to plant them.
The ‘BLUEHAVEN’ variety is precocious, it reaches maturity at the end of June.
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